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SCIC Chinese Medicine Study Course and Silk Road Explorations is available in Easter Period. Special offer from USD$1980 per person. This 14 days fully exclusive trip that covers Beijing, Dunhuang, Turfan and Urumqi. Don't miss it. More trips are available including the Yangtze River Cruise, Yellow Mountain Painting Trip, Shaolin, Wudang Mt and Terracotta Warriors Trips.




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The way you organized the tour was superb and from a cultural aspect gave good insights into Chinese customs, their civilization and their achievements from both past and present. Give a great thanks to you and your team!

-Barry Phelon UK-

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Magnificent Xian - Terracotta Warriors

 

Xi' an is today the capital of Shaanxi Province. All around Shaanxi are 72 imperial mausoleums, mute witnesses to an ancient economy and culture. In former times Xi'an was known as Chang'an, meaning "eternal peace". Its history dates back as far as 3,100 years ago. Xi'an is regarded as the birthplace of Chinese civilization, and famous for the Terracotta Warriors, horses and chariots of the first Chinese Emperor Huangdi of Qin Dynasty (221.207 b.C.).

Terracotta Warriors:
Located 1,5 km east of the Mausoleum of the first Chinese Emperor Qin Shihuang, here you will find an array of terracotta armies. In the 1970s, a peasant discovered them whilst digging a hole to look for water. The site consists of three underground timber-lined vaults, containing more than six thousand soldiers, fourteen hundred statues of cavalryman, horses, chariots and so on.

Every soldier is uniquely detailed and can be told about from his brethren by the hair dressing, vest and shoes. Individually constructed, there are still yet more than a thousand warriors that have not been reassembled. All this was part of the Emperor Shihuang's mausoleum tomb, and these warriors were made to protect him after his death.

Mausoleum of Emperor Shihuang:

Emperor Shihuang (259-210 b.C.) was the first Emperor to unite China. Under his reign China began an integrated measure and weight system, as well as an integrated writing system. His tomb shows a sweeping grandeur: 76 meters high and with a circumference of 2000 meters, and meant to be his new home for the afterlife. He had craftsmen recreate the world he was living in: it is said that inside the tomb all kinds of animals and plants can be found, but because of controversy, it has yet to be opened. 

The Greater Wild Goose Pagoda:

The Pagoda is in the south part of Xi’an and it is one of the well-known symbols of the city. It was built in the year 652 during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 a. C.), to protect almost seven hundreds volumes of Sutras (Buddhist scriptures) that the monk Xuan Zhuang brought back from India.

The Great Mosque of Xi'an was initially built in 742 during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). In appearance, this mosque differs in the style of Arabic mosques with the golden domes and high-rise minarets, and was built using Chinese traditional designs and styles including the painted beams, engraved ridgepoles, and landscaped gardens. The mosque occupies an area of 250 meters long and 47 meters wide (820 feet by 155 feet) that has been divided into four courtyards. Going inside, you will view Chinese historical and cultural Islamic relics from the Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties in the courtyards, pavilions, and halls.

History museum:
The Shaanxi History Museum has a display case of ancient civilizations,occupying an area of 65,000 square meters (16 acres). It is a grand complex of buildings imitating the architecture style of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). It is situated in the southern suburb of Xian City, northwest of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda. Since it was opened to the public in 1991, its architectural buildings, internal apparatus, and exhibits have made it famous as a first-class museum in China.

Specialties:

Food:
Xian is praised as 'the capital of table delicacies', and famous for the delicious Shaanxi snack, the delicate Guangdong cuisine, various kinds of fashionable foreign delicacies, and popular Sichuan cuisine such as hot pot. A must-try for visitors is to taste Yang Rou Pao Mo (a soup dish that involves breaking wheat-flour flat bread into a bowl and adding a delicious mutton stock). One of Xian's most famous specialties is the Guan Tang Baozi (steamed buns served with sauces inside) served at Jia Brothers' Restaurant in Muslim Snack Street. Xian, the center of northwest China, provides a wide range of table delicacies in addition to local and traditional cuisine.

Shopping:
Xian,with its rapid economic development, has become one of the most vital cities in northwestern China. Many big shopping centers, department stores and supermarkets can be found in this city. Dong Dajie, Nan Dajie and Jiefang Lu are famous shopping places. Many historical relic shops are available in Xian, such as Shu Yuanmen (an art street), a street decorated an ancient style; Xian Antique Market; and Wenbaozhai Tour Shopping Center. Tang tri-colored glazed pottery and replicas of clay figures of warriors and horses, as well as folk handicrafts of paper-cut and cloth art, can be found there.

 
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